The Evolution of Moscow's Subway Maps
Moscow's subway system turned 78-years-old last week. It started as 19 stations on one line; today it has 188 stations on 12 lines. As the system changed so have the maps, reflecting not only the growth of the subway system but evolving design trends as well.
Many of these maps can be found on a website run by Artemy Lebedev, founder of Art. Lebedev Studio. Lebedev's impressive online collection of Moscow Metro ephemera includes images, tickets, tokens, and maps (official and unofficial).
He and his firm have been pushing their own design concept for a Moscow subway map as well, first proposing a new map in 2010. Lebedev and his team won an online vote earlier this year for best redesign of the city's subway map. The firm's new design includes landmarks, parks, rivers and alternative transit options.
Below, courtesy Lebedev, a collection of official and unofficial maps of Moscow's subway system since its inception in 1935:
1935. "Source: Master Plan for Development and Reconstruction of Moscow. M."
1935. "From the booklet: What Everyone Should Know passenger subway / / Moscow: Moscow Worker."
1935. "Plan of subway lines and a variety of information from the brochure."
1946. "Plan runs underground with all official branches and Congress. Source unknown."
1946. "A large underground ring of the Moscow Metro [Circle Line subway] / / Spark. Number 2."
1947. "From the book: In the Old and the New Moscow / / Moscow Detgiz."
1967. "Source: Planning map of the USSR Exhibition of Economic Achievements. Moscow: Publishing House of the Soviet Era."
1967. "Metro map on silk, made Moscow Silk Factory"
1970. "The scheme of lines of the Moscow underground after V. I.Lenina / / [scheme-flyer.] MM: Advertising"
1979. "The scheme of the Moscow metro / / [Annual Booklet "clamshell".]"
1980. "Guide to the Moscow Olympics / / Moscow Vneshtorgizdat. Ed. Number 805r."
1980. "Source unknown."
1985. "Source unknown"
1990. "Source unknown."
2013. Current map in use.
2013. The new official transit map to be rolled out during this year. Designed by Art. Lebedev Studio.